For some individuals, discomfort, as well as various other signs, are seriously adequate to interfere with daily life, as well as over-the-counter medications do not aid.
The next action is to consult a general physician, that might refer the individual to a rheumatologist or orthopedic specialist.
To figure out whether a patient has OA, the physician might ask:
- When as well as how did the discomfort begin?
- Is there any stiffness, warmth, creaking, or swelling?
- Where does it harm?
- What makes it better? What makes it even worse?
- How have the signs impacted everyday tasks?
- How have you treated it? Did house therapy function?
The medical professional will analyze the knees, relocating them forward as well as back to note the variety of movements and to find out which activities create pain.
They will search for locations of inflammation, examine the heat, as well as see if any type of swelling is present. The doctor will also inspect the tendons for stability.
A variety of tests can help to identify OA:
- Joint aspiration: The doctor uses a joint injection [ฉีดยา ข้อ เข่า เสื่อม, which is the term in Thai] to attract an example of fluid from the joint. They send out the fluid to a research laboratory for examinations to look for signs of various other joint problems, such as gout arthritis, or infection.
- Magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI: This can offer a detailed image of the knees, which may reveal fluid accumulation in the upper leg or knee bones.
- X-rays: These can disclose damage to the knee joints in the later phases; however, may not discover changes in the early stages.
Some way of living modifications can ease the pain and tightness that accompanies knee joint inflammation:
Losing weight can soothe pain and avoid more joint damages.
For people with OA of the knee and either obesity or weight problems, the present source strongly suggests weight loss. A physician can encourage on how much weight to shed.
Exercise, as well as particularly low-impact tasks such as walking, riding a recumbent bicycle, or swimming, can ease arthritis discomfort.
Swimming is suitable because the buoyancy of the water takes stress off the joints, while the warmth relieves them.
Workout boosts motion and flexibility as well as reinforces the muscles that sustain the joints. It assists individuals to preserve a healthy and balanced weight.