Osteoarthritis is a degenerative and inflammatory disease that occurs in the joints, especially in the cartilage and in the adjacent bone, that is, the one that is close to the articular cartilage. According to a rheumatologist, the joints most affected in this condition are the hands, knees, spine, and hips.

Definition Of Primary Osteoarthritis And Comparison With Secondary

“Osteoarthritis is said to be primary when its cause is not known (not to mention old age). Also known as idiopathic, this type of osteoarthritis is associated with some risk factors, such as obesity, repetitive strain, or even some high impact sports”, he says.

In terms of comparison, the doctor also points out the other type of osteoarthritis characteristics, the secondary, which, unlike the primary, arises from some causes. “Secondary osteoarthritis can be a consequence of trauma, rheumatic or endocrine disease, in addition to bone changes. It can’t be primary and secondary at the same time”, he explains.

Osteoarthritis Symptoms And Treatment

The doctor highlights some symptoms of the condition, such as pain; limitation of range of motion (the patient cannot fully straighten the knee, for example); and increased joint volume with signs of inflammation, which can often be related to joint effusion (fluid in the joints, such as in the knee, for example).

The treatment of osteoarthritis like the hip arthritis (ข้อ สะโพก เทียม which is the term in Thai) is the same for both types. It focuses on alleviating the symptoms and allowing no impairment of movements so that the patient has a good quality of life without inconvenience or limitations. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications are helpful, as are ice packs, physiotherapy, and exercise, which strengthen the musculature around the joint, reducing impacts on the affected area.

Practices To Prevent The Development Of Arthrosis

It is also essential that the patient adopt routine practices to avoid worsening symptoms, thus collaborating with the treatment. These same practices should also be adopted by those who do not have the disease, as they help to reduce the chances of its development. Controlling weight, avoiding obesity, maintaining correct body posture, resting, and avoiding excessive weight lifting and repetitive exercises are recommended habits.

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